Inclusive urban development in South Africa should be something that dominates our public discourse: it affects most people daily, be it through the long distances that the poorest of the poor undertake to get to and from work, school and even health care; be it where social housing development takes place on the periphery of cities, far from economic opportunities; or be it lack of well-located land for inclusive development. Yet it remains largely an abstract concept.

Even when President Cyril Ramaphosa raised the concept of the Smart City during his State of the Nation address in 2018, the topic missed the mark, with few people engaging with the concept.

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