Various scholars have studied and written extensively about the role of the built environment sector in promoting or hindering mental health. They have noted that people are more likely to perform better if the environment they live in is mentally stimulating and has a sense of character, such as parks, museums, entertainment facilities, etc.

For example, Kevin Lynch (1960) argued that legibility provides an important sense of emotional security as well as an invitation to explore and promote less stressful interactions with the built environment. For example, well-maintained, safe and walkable places create a sense of connection. Our homes, the settings in which we grew up, and others create a sense of belonging, whereas crowded and unsafe places have a variety of negative impacts on people and their psychological states, for example, stress, anxiety, depression, and violent behaviour.

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